Data Collection for Product Managers

28 Jun 2024

In this data-driven world, product success relies on understanding your users. But with such a diverse range of product managers, from creative visionaries to analytical minds, bridging the gap between intuition and data can be challenging. For many, especially those without a technical background, data analysis can feel like a roadblock to an effective product improvement. This article is your guide to transforming data collection from a complex puzzle into a clear roadmap for optimized product development.

Beyond Instinct: Leveraging Data for Product Innovation

Products should always be tweaked and enhanced, considering user preferences can change in the blink of an eye. This is what data is all about.

Great product managers know that relying only on gut feelings is just not enough. Intuition has its place, but when it comes to the complexities of product development, you need a more organized approach. This is why product management needs data-backed evidence and objective analysis.

PMs can use data analytics to get a deep understanding of how their users behave, what's happening in the market, and how their products are performing. Consequently, they will reflect both on the business’s overall goals and the ever-changing needs of their customers so that they can make decisions accordingly.

Data Mastery: The Ever-Evolving Journey of Product Managers

But here's the thing: becoming a data-driven product manager isn't a one-time event. It's more like a never-ending journey. You need to set up systems for collecting and analyzing data, and be prepared to adjust it based on what you and your team learn along the way.

Data acts like a guide, showing us how customers navigate their buying journeys. Product managers can use data to fine-tune product designs, select which features are most important to them, and make the whole customer experience better. Besides, businesses can create new features or products that specifically target what customers want, giving them an edge over the competition.

Best Practices for Streamlining Data Collection in Product Management

So, how can PMs make their product improvement efforts more efficient through better data collection? Let's dig into best practices to find out.

Step 1: Acquiring Data-Driven Insights from Customer Feedback

By tapping into user feedback through surveys, interviews, social media interactions, customer support inquiries, online reviews, and usability testing, product-led startups gain key insights into how their products are viewed by the customers, their preferences, frustrations, and sometimes, even feature requests. Consequently, this method ensures PMs make improvements that are based on customer data and perspectives.

  • Example: NuBank, Brazilian NeoBank

NuBank, the Brazilian neo-bank, is a great example of how fintech companies use user feedback to improve their app and address pain points from their users. They analyze in-app surveys and do a social media sentiment analysis, and with all that data collected, the Nubank Product team can get valuable insights into customer frustrations with traditional banking. The quantitative feedback they collect could uncover frustrations from users, and then the PM could prioritize which features could directly address those issues.

For example, if the data indicates issues like long wait times for customer service or limited accessibility to financial services, then the PM can implement features like in-app chat support or optimized account opening processes.

Step 2: Tracking Product Performance Metrics for Data-Driven Insights

Next up, it's all about monitoring product performance through quantitative metrics related to how customers interact with a product. By using analytics tools and monitoring systems, product-led companies can constantly check KPIs like usage metrics, conversion rates, and user engagement levels.

All of these provide insights into behavior patterns, product performance, and areas where user experience can be optimized before issues escalate.

  • Example: Monzo, UK’s NeoBank

For example, in the case of Monzo, the UK’s digital bank, their Product team goes beyond just analyzing data on feature adoption rates. They also segment user data based on demographics or banking habits. This allows them to identify specific user groups with low engagement for a particular feature.

For example, they might discover that young professionals rarely use in-app budgeting tools. The Product team can then create a hypothesis on why this feature isn't resonating with this group (e.g., lack of personalization). Through A/B testing different design elements or functionalities within the budgeting tools, they can refine the feature to better cater to the needs of young professionals.

Step 3: Monitoring Market Trends for Informed Decision-Making

Moreover, paying attention to market trends would be a good indicator to look out for. It's all about checking the latest developments, emerging technologies, and changes in consumer preferences. This will help organizations predict tomorrow's markets and guide product upgrades that correspond with today's markets through data collection and assessment of these trends.

  • Example: Deliveroo, UK’s Food Delivery APP

For example, think of Deliveroo, the online food delivery app that connects customers with local restaurants and grocery stores. In this case, the Product team plays a role in leveraging market trends to inform product improvement. By analyzing data on popular cuisines, delivery times for specific areas, and customer feedback regarding restaurant options, the Product team gains valuable insights.  They can then use this data for several things such as:

– Identify underserved areas with limited restaurant options or long delivery times. They can then work with the Business Development team to expand their network of partner restaurants in those areas.

– Add new restaurants to cater to changing tastes. By analyzing trends in popular cuisines, the Product team can identify emerging food preferences. They can then work with the Partnerships team to onboard restaurants offering these trending cuisines.

– Optimize delivery routes to improve efficiency. By analyzing delivery time data for specific areas, the Product team can identify routes with bottlenecks or delays. Then, they can work with the Ops team to optimize delivery routes and implement features like real-time order tracking in the app.

Step 4: Refining Product Roadmaps through Iterative Experimentation

Lastly, let's talk about iterative experimentation. Data helps organizations embrace an iterative approach to product management, where hypotheses are tested and outcomes are measured through experimentation. For example, by conducting A/B tests, companies can gather tangible evidence to drive decision-making and refine their product roadmap.

Data enables organizations to adopt an iterative system in the development of products where experiments are conducted to test conjectures and results are gauged. Organizations can obtain solid proof that drives choices and alter their product development strategy appropriately by carrying out A/B tests on a variety of features, designs as well as messaging.

  • Example:, Travel APP

Finally, let's set an example for the travel website Here, the PM might hypothesize that personalizing property recommendations based on user demographics would lead to a higher booking conversion rate. They could design an A/B test where a group of users sees hotel suggestions tailored to their past travel behavior. Analyzing user interaction with these personalized suggestions allows them to refine the recommendation engine and ensure travelers discover the ideal accommodation for their trip.


Remember, becoming a data-driven PM is an ongoing journey. With this, you will get closer to your users, get ahead of the game, and create a data-driven culture. The best PMs are those who combine the power of intuition with data in order to build products that users will love.